Technologies and technological components for temporary grasslands
The goal: Maintaining for a long period the agricultural production, by introducing the temporary grassland in the crop rotation structure, using complex mixtures of grasses with perennial forage legumes.
For the resettlement of the agroclimate state, the state of stability of agrobiocenoses obtained by integrating natural and anthropogenic actions, imposed by the specific systems of sustainable agriculture, it is recommended to introduce in crop rotation temporary grasslands, intensive crops that are necessary and profitable for the units with developed zootechnical sector and not only.
Well designed crop rotation systems are the most important components of sustainable agriculture with a major role in maintaining soil fertility, soil organic matter levels and its structure, while ensuring sufficient nutrients (especially nitrogen), available and that losses of nutrients are reduced to a minimum.
Based on the utilization of experimental results and studies, the cultivation methods and crop rotation are established, which with minimum inputs, ensure the sustainable development of agriculture under conditions of multifunctionality, biodiversity and stability of the yields compatible with the environment.
Studies and research have focused on establishing a favorable interaction between agricultural crop systems and animal husbandry systems in the areas under study, with good results regarding the use of natural resources.
Following the realized researches were elaborated:
- Zonal technological solutions for sustainable agriculture to reinstall the state of agroclimate;
- Zonal technologies for sustainable utilization of agricultural land by promoting the multifunctionality of grasslands.
- The main solution is to promote practices for reducing inputs increasing the participation of grassland in land use, exploiting its positive effects on soil quality, biodiversity and renewable resources.